The Question of Independence

October 2, 2017

Jalaluddin Rumi wrote, don’t be satisfied with stories, how things have gone with others. Unfold your own myth.” Charlotte Bronte said I do not think, sir, you have any right to command me, merely because you are older than I, or because you have seen more of the world than I have; your claim to superiority depends on the use you have made of your time and experience. Ayan Rand wrote, “Freedom : To ask nothing. To expect nothing. To depend on nothing.”Independence is to have full control of your life to be able to make your own choices and design your destiny.―Nabil Basma

When people declare they are independent, does it mean that they do not seek the help and aid of others or they are relieved from the type of way of life they used to have in past life though the types of assistance they seek from others remain constant. Is being independent mean, one is creating one’s own alien or different world? Is there any difference between declaring independence and obtaining independence? When people declare that they are independent, what does it mean by that? Is independence related to right and freedom, economy and resource, thinking and way of life?

Independence, according to Wikipedia, is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory. The opposite of independence is a dependent territory. Whether the attainment of independence is different from revolution has long been contested, and has often been debated over the question of violence as legitimate means to achieving sovereignty. While some revolutions seek and achieve national independence, others aim only to redistribute power — with or without an element of emancipation, such as in democratization — within a state, which as such may remain unaltered.

Why do people seek independence in terms of administering their own territory? Is it because of oppression they face from the government they are administered or it is because of the economy thing which make them think to have their own self-government that do enable them obtain better way of life and higher income? Is seeking independence warranty to have higher or better income and better freedom? Is seeking independence guarantee to secure nations sovereignty and security or it has further consequences which are not predicted, but people are forced to accept such consequences?

When politicians ask for a country to be made independent, people must ask unmistakably, what are their motives. Is it only the good of the country that they seek or is it personal gain? It is clear cat that people are interested for many purposes and their intent could not be clear since the mass always follow and adhere to the few in power and there is a leader’s own political aims and goals of seeking power; personal power and to immortalize themselves in history. When such personal interest and motive is secretly combined with national interest, the consequences of such kinds of struggle could have negative effects and consequences as well.

Accordingly, there are two ways of seeking independence as history testified. The first one is thru peaceful means. The second one is by violence and war. Both of them have similar goals and objectives, which is seeking sovereignty and freedom of society they respectively belong. And people fight for their rights and freedoms in order to obtain better life in terms of economic, social and psychological makeup which they should gain in their given existence. A society that has no freedom and right in terms of its own affairs and domain is already dead.

Mahatma Ghandhi is one of the world’s most memorable peace leaders who fought, without violence, to remove India from British rule. This man led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women’s rights, build religious and ethnic harmony and eliminate the injustices of the class structure, Ghandhi supremely applied the principles of nonviolent civil disobedience, playing a key role in freeing India from foreign domination. Being a leader who had India at heart at all times, he preferred to have the country independent as one state. However due to the politics of the day the independence he received was an independent Pakistan and an independent India. This is not what he wanted, and of course he never ruled the country as a Prime Minister, because his intentions when fighting for independence were pure and transparent.

Similarly Nelson Mandela, a man that looked at Gandhi with awe, sought freedom from white supremacy rule which was achieved. When he came out of jail he could have taken one of two routes. Either dominating the whole political landscape to make himself superior in power because he had the world behind him or he could have taken a benevolent role to embrace the previous political leaders.

The American people fought the Revolutionary War because they wanted to keep their newly declared independence from Great Britain. They were fighting to protect their way of life. The African Independence Movements took place in the 20th century, when a wave of struggles for independence in European-ruled African territories were witnessed. After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest.

Independence is not something that people pick a commodity item from the supermarket. It needs hard work and hard struggles. It at most times requires bloods, bones and muscles. Historically, revolutions of all kinds are fought for independence and all independence is achieved through a revolution of some kind. What is quite interesting in here is that people fight for their freedom, but they are found at later times blaming such freedom since they are not still free from oppressions and their lives could not be better and nicer. We see them creating another freedom fighters after they declare that they are free. And such way of life put such people to be in vicious circle of freedom seeking mentality and thinking. They cannot be free since their goal and intent is not clear due to the fact that they do not check their real want and need should be.

Beyond all reasons, why do people seek independence?

  • To obtain better freedom and rights—Question of better Freedom
  • To gain better way of life—Question of Economy
  • Hate from oppression of oppressors—Hate of Oppression
  • To seek power and authority—Few egoist people interest
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